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Structure Knowledge of Chinese Pinyin
Survival Level 1 (What is it?)
 
现代汉语的音节由声母、韵母和声调组成。声母是汉语音节开头的辅音。现代汉语共有21个声母。韵母是声母后边的部分,共有38个。现代汉语普通话的音节有四个基本声调,声调有区别意义的作用。例如:ba1,b是声母,a是韵母,声调是第一声。有些音节只有韵母,没有声母,叫零声母音节,如:a1(阿)。
 
Translation:
A syllable in the Modern Chinese is composed of an initial, a final and a tone. The initial is a consonant that begins a syllable , and the final is the part that follows it.There are altogether 21 initials and 38 finals in the modern Chinese. Syllables of the modern Chinese common speech have four basic tones to distinguish their meanings. For example,in ba1 , b is the initial, a is the final , and the syllable is in the first tone,Some known as zero initial syllables, which contain no initials but only finals ,such as a1.
 

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