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Phrases: 定中词组 + “的” The attributive + center-word and “的”
Beginner Level 3 (What is it?)
 

定中词组 + “的” The attributive + center-word phrases and “的”

 
Description:

定中词组的中心语一般是名词。定语在中心语前,修饰、限制或描写中心语。定语和中心语之间常用结构助词“的”,构成“定语+‘的’+中心语”的形式。定中词组属名词性,在句子中主要充当主语和宾语。
The center word(word being qualified) in an attributive + center-word phrase is usually a noun. The attributive precedes the center word to modify, restrict or describe it. The attributive and the center word are uusually link with the structural particle"的", forming the pattern of "attributive+'的'+noun". Such a nominal phrase mainly acts as the subject or object in a sentence.

 
(1)定语表示领属关系,定语跟中心语之间要加“的”,例如“爸爸的咖啡”“我的辞典”。
An attributive is used to express possession. It must take "的" after it and before the center word, e.g.“爸爸的咖啡”“我的辞典”.
(2)人称代词做定语,如果中心语是表示亲属称谓或者是表示集体、单位的名词,通常不用“的”。例如“我妹妹”“我们学校”
When a personal pronoun acts as an attributive, it is usually used without “的” if the center word is a noun denoting a family relationship or a unit of which the speaker is a member, e.g.“我妹妹”“我们学校”.
 
Exercise:
1. 例 Example: 小龙(哥哥)--->小龙的哥哥
他(咖啡)--->他的咖啡

李爱华(妹妹) 张老师(学生) 王先生(妻子) 李秋(朋友)
姐姐(面包) 孩子(学校) 留学生(词典) 谢小姐(家)

2. 例 Example: 他们(学校)--->他们学校
你(姐姐)--->你姐姐

我(哥哥) 他们(医院) 您(妻子)
她(爸爸) 你(叔叔) 我(伯父)

3.用括号中的词完成句子 Fill in the blanks with the words in the brackets:

1)_______老师姓张。(李澳华)
2)_______妈妈是大夫。(她)
3)约翰是小龙_______。(朋友)
4)他们_______叫张文。(老师)
5)这是哥哥_______。(词典)
6)李小龙的妹妹是_______学生。(北京大学)
7)那是_______学校。(他们)
8)我_______喜欢喝咖啡。(伯父)
9)她_______在医院。(老公)

 
 

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