Archive for the ‘Chinese Lesson’ Category

Chinese Grammar – Mandarin Future Using Yao and Hui

Tuesday, May 25th, 2010

The two auxiliary verbs, yào and huì, can be used for talking about the future in the sense of “going to do something” or “intending to do something.”

Consider these two sentences:

Wǒ yào qù Běijīng.
我要去北京。

Wǒ huì qù Běijīng.
我會去北京。
我会去北京。

The first sentence, using yào, indicates an intention to go to Beijing. The second sentence, using huì, indicates a confident prediction of going to Beijing.

Intention or Prediction

The two sentences above can be translated as:

Wǒ yào qù Běijīng.
I am going to Beijing.
or
I want to go to Beijing.

Wǒ huì qù Běijīng.
I will go to Beijing (I expect I will go to Beijing).

Yào is sometimes (but not always) used with a time expression to differentiate between want and intend. When used without a time reference, the only way to determine the exact meaning of yào is by context or clarification.

Here are some more examples:

Nǐ yào mǎi shénme dōngxī?
你要買甚麼東西?
你要买什么东西?
What are you going to buy?
or
What do you want to buy?

Nǐ huì mǎi shénme dōngxī?
你會買甚麼東西?
你会买什么东西?
What do you expect to buy?

Chén xiǎojie míngtiān yào gēn wǒ shuō.
陳小姐明天要跟我說。
陈小姐明天要跟我说。
Miss Chen is going to speak with me tomorrow.

Chén xiǎojie míngtiān huì gēn wǒ shuō.
陳小姐明天會跟我說。
陈小姐明天会跟我说。
Miss Chen expects to speak with me tomorrow.

(Source: mandarin.about.com)

Cir – Lesson 675

Saturday, May 1st, 2010

Unprecedented changes have taken place in education in Xinjiang since 1949, said a white paper issued by the Information Office of the State Council here Monday.

Before the founding of the People’s Republic China in 1949, Xinjiang had but one college, nine secondary schools and 1,355 primary schools, according to the paper titled “Development and Progress in Xinjiang.”

At that time, only 19.8 percent of school-age children attended primary school and the overall illiteracy rate was a shocking 90 percent.

Now Xinjiang has basically made the nine-year compulsory education universal and eliminated illiteracy in the young and middle-aged population. Adult and vocational education started from scratch, and has been developing steadily.

According to the paper, since 2006, with the introduction of a new mechanism that guarantees rural education funding, Xinjiang’s primary and secondary school students have enjoyed free compulsory education.

In 2008, the government granted living subsidies to all underprivileged students who live at school and exempted urban students from tuition fees during their compulsory education period.

Since 2007, the state has initiated an annual budget of 129 million yuan for the education of 51,000 very poor university students and 95,000 secondary and higher vocational school students in Xinjiang, 70 percent of whom come from ethnic minorities.

In 2008, the Xinjiang autonomous region government invested a total of 18.77 billion yuan in the region’ s education system, representing a year-on-year increase of 32.3 percent.

Statistics from that year show that Xinjiang had 4,159 primary schools with 2,012,000 students, and a 99.6 percent enrollment rate for school-age children.

There were 1,973 secondary schools with 1.72 million students, and 32 institutions of higher learning with 241,000 undergraduate and 10,300 graduate students in total.

(Source: xinhuanet.com)

Cir – Lesson 674

Friday, April 30th, 2010

London Business School (LBS) is conducting its program in Singapore, Singapore’s Ministry of Manpower said on Wednesday.

The Singapore program, named Human Resource Strategy in Transforming Organizations, Asia (HRST Asia), marks the first time that LBS is conducting the program outside of London.

The HRST Asia program is the latest initiative by the Ministry of Manpower to raise human capital capabilities in Singapore. It is a significant addition to the range of best-in-class Asian-focused programs that the Ministry plans to develop and make available to organizations in Singapore and Asia.

These programs will help establish Singapore as Asia’s center for cutting edge human capital and leadership development programs.

(Source: xinhuanet.com)